Ascorbate, green tea and grape seed extracts increase the shelf life of low sulphite beef patties
Author: Sancho Bañón and Pedro Díaz and Mariano Rodríguez and María Dolores Garrido and Alejandra Price
Green tea (GTE) and grape seed (GSE) extracts are proposed as preservatives for increasing the shelf life of low sulphite raw beef patties. The antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of both extracts were compared with ascorbate. Five groups were established for the patties: Control (with no additives), S (100 SO2), SA (100 SO2 + 400 sodium ascorbate), ST (100 SO2 + 300 GTE) and SG (100 SO2 + 300 GSE) (mg per kg of meat). Patties were stored at 4 °C in aerobic packaging for 0, 3, 6 or 9 days under retail display conditions. Meat spoilage (total viable and coliform counts, pH, lightness, chroma, hue angle, metmyoglobin and TBARS) was determined. The sensory contribution of the extracts to cooked patties was evaluated (colour, odour, flavour and texture). The results pointed to the possibility of using low SO2-vegetable extract combinations to preserve raw meat products. ST, SG and SA delayed microbial spoilage, redness loss and lipid oxidation, thus increasing the shelf life of the raw sulphite beef patties by 3 days. ST, SG and SA also delayed the onset of rancid flavours in cooked patties. No anomalous sensory traits were caused by either extract. Ascorbate, GTE and GSE improved the preservative effects of SO2 on beef patties, especially against meat oxidation. This suggested that the quantity of SO2 added can be reduced to obtain healthier raw meat products.