Development of a rat model by 3,4-benzopyrene intra-pulmonary injection and evaluation of the effect of green tea drinking on p53 and bcl-2 expression in lung carcinoma
Author: Qihua Gu and Chengping Hu and Qiong Chen and Ying Xia and Juntao Feng and Hongzhong Yang
Background A convenient animal model of primary lung cancer is compelling for investigation into the disease mechanisms and for development of therapeutic strategies. This study aims to develop a reproducible rat model for lung carcinoma by intra-pulmonary injection of 3,4-benzopyrene, and to evaluate the preventive effect of green tea on the formation of lung carcinoma. MethodsSprague–Dawley rats of the same ages were randomly assigned into three groups treated differently. Rats in group one were given green tea in drinking water (tea concentration: 1.2%; tea polyphenols in the tea solution: 0.3%); rats in the groups two and three were given blank drinking water. Rats in the groups one and two were injected intra-pulmonarily with 3,4-benzopyrene dissolved in corn oil (2 mg/0.2 mL/injection, fortnightly, 4 times in all); rats in the group three were injected with the vehicle corn oil as the control for injection. All the rats were sacrificed one year after the first intra-pulmonary injection. Tumors developed in rats and lung tissues were collected for carcinoma diagnosis and for p53 and bcl-2 expression. Results Intra-pulmonary injection of 3,4-benzopyrene steady induced lung carcinoma at a success rate of 75%. Administration with green tea drinking significantly reduced the incidence of lung carcinoma to 30%. Green tea up-regulated p53 expression in lung carcinoma, but significantly down-regulated bcl-2 expression. Conclusions Intra-pulmonary injection of 3,4-benzopyrene can steady induce lung carcinoma in rats, and green tea has preventive effect against lung cancer possibly by regulating expression of some critical genes such as p53 and bcl-2.