Green tea and the metabolism of 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline in F344 rats
Author: C.W Embola and M.C Weisburger and J.H Weisburger
The effects of green tea intake on the metabolism of 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ) in the rat was studied. IQ belongs to a new class of mutagens and carcinogens, heterocyclic arylamines, formed during cooking through browning meats and fish, thus, in the food chain of most non-vegetarians. Ten adult male and female Fischer 344 rats were placed on a 2% solution of green tea and 10 control rats were on water for 6 weeks. Then, animals were administered a single dose of 40 mg/kg body weight of [2-14C]IQ by oral gavage. Twenty-four hour urine samples were collected and metabolites were separated by HPLC and quantitated by scintillation counting. Two minor and three major metabolites were isolated, including, small quantities of IQ itself. The rats on tea showed significant differences (P < 0.05) in the recovery of the three major metabolites, namely, IQ-sulfamate, IQ-5-O-sulfate, and IQ-5-O-glucuronide, respectively. Green tea, therefore, influences the manner in which the food carcinogen IQ is metabolized and excreted in urine. Formation of glucuronides, increased by green tea, represent a key means of detoxification of the heterocyclic amine, IQ.