Green tea polyphenols inhibit human vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation stimulated by native low-density lipoprotein
Author: Rudolf Locher and Luca Emmanuele and Paolo M Suter and Wilhelm Vetter and Matthias Barton
This study investigated whether human vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation induced by native low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is affected by green tea catechins. Furthermore, the effects of native LDL on extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 activity were determined. Cell proliferation stimulated by native LDL was concentration-dependently inhibited by epigallocatechin, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, green tea polyphenon, and the nonspecific antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (P<0.05). Combined treatment of green tea polyphenon and N-acetylcysteine markedly potentiated the effect of each drug on vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation. ERK1/2 activity was only partly inhibited by green tea catechins alone or in combination with N-acetylcysteine (P<0.05). These data suggest that green tea constituents inhibit proliferation of human vascular smooth muscle cells exposed to high levels of native LDL. Green tea constituents and antioxidants may exert vascular protection by inhibiting human vascular smooth muscle cell growth associated with hypercholesterolemia.