Protective effect of green tea on erythrocyte membrane of different age rats intoxicated with ethanol
Author: Izabela Dobrzyńska and Barbara Szachowicz-Petelska and Justyna Ostrowska and Elżbieta Skrzydlewska and Zbigniew Figaszewski
It is known that aging is characterized by changes in cell metabolism resulting in modification of the structure and function of cell membrane components which is mainly the consequence of reactive oxygen species action. These disturbances are also enhanced by different xenobiotics, e.g. ethanol. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to examine green tea influence on total antioxidant status (TAS) and on composition and electric charge of erythrocyte membrane phospholipids in ethanol intoxicated rats of various ages. Antioxidant abilities of erythrocytes were estimated by measuring TAS. Qualitative and quantitative composition of phospholipids in the membrane was determined by HPLC, while the extent of erythrocytes lipid peroxidation was estimated by HPLC measurement of malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) levels. Electrophoresis was used to determine the surface charge density of the rat erythrocyte membrane. It was shown that the process of aging was accompanied by a decrease in TAS and in the total amount of phospholipids as well as by enhancement of lipid peroxidation and increase in surface charge density of erythrocyte membrane. Ethanol administration caused, in term, decrease in TAS and increase in the level of all phospholipids and lipid peroxidation products. Ethanol as well significantly enhanced changes in surface charge density of erythrocyte membrane. The ingestion of green tea partially prevented decrease in erythrocyte antioxidant abilities observed during aging and ethanol intoxication. Moreover, long-term drinking of green tea protects the structure of the erythrocytes membrane disturbed during aging process and/or chronic ethanol intoxication.