Safety assessment of heat-sterilized green tea catechin preparation: A 6-month repeat-dose study in rats
Author: Osamu Morita and Jeannie B. Kirkpatrick and Yasushi Tamaki and Christopher P. Chengelis and Melissa J. Beck and Richard H. Bruner
Evidence suggests that the purported health benefits associated with green tea consumption are related to tea catechins. In the present study, potential adverse effects of a standardized heat-sterilized green tea catechin (GTC-H) preparation was investigated following gavage administration to rats at doses of 0, 120, 400, 1200 mg/kg/day for 6 months. A decaffeinated high-dose group (1200 mg/kg/day) (GTC–HDC), was included for comparison. A possibly test article-related clinical finding of intermittent increased activity was noted in the 400 and 1200 mg/kg/day GTC-H groups, but was not considered to be adverse. Lower body weight gains without any decrease in food consumption were noted in the high-dose (1200 mg/kg/day)-treated GTC-H and GTC–HDC females. In the high-dose male GTC-H group, a lower total motor activity count for the 60-min session was noted prior to dosing at the study week 25 evaluations compared to the control group. Similar changes were not observed in the GTC–HDC group. Based on the results of this study, the no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) for GTC-H was 1200 mg/kg/day for males, the highest dose tested, and 400 mg/kg/day for females based on reduced body weight gains. The NOAEL for GTC–HDC was 1200 mg/kg/day for males and could not be determined in females.