Effects of iron, ascorbate, meat and casein on the antioxidant capacity of green tea under conditions of in vitro digestion
Author: Isidora Alexandropoulou and Michael Komaitis and Maria Kapsokefalou
The hypothesis that interactions of dietary polyphenols with dietary iron occur during digestion and result in a decrease of the post-absorptive antioxidant properties of polyphenols was investigated. The hypothesis was tested in vitro, under conditions that simulate gastrointestinal digestion. Mixtures of green tea, iron, and three dietary factors that modify the form of iron in the lumen, namely ascorbic acid, meat or casein, were subjected to an in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. Antioxidant capacity (FRAP assay), iron concentration (ferrozine assay) and polyphenol concentration (Folin–Ciocalteau assay) were measured in the in vitro digests. The presence of iron decreased the antioxidant capacity and the polyphenol concentration of green tea digests. The presence of ascorbic acid increased, while meat and casein decreased the antioxidant capacity of green tea. The factorial analysis of the data suggests that protein and iron interact with green tea polyphenols during the in vitro digestion and decrease their antioxidant capacity. These results support the aforementioned hypothesis.