Determination of catechins in green tea infusions by reduced flow micellar electrokinetic chromatography
Author: Renato G. Peres and Fernando G. Tonin and Marina F.M. Tavares and Delia B. Rodriguez-Amaya
A sulfated-β-cyclodextrin (s-β-CD) modified reduced flow micellar electrokinetic chromatography (RF-MEKC) method was developed and validated for the determination of catechins in green tea. The optimal electrolyte consisted of 0.2% triethylamine, 50 mmol/L SDS and 0.8% s-β-CD (pH = 2.9), allowing baseline separation of five catechins in 4 min. The samples and standards were injected at 0.6 psi for 5 s under constant voltage of −30 kV. Sample preparation simply involved extraction of 2 g of tea with 200 mL water at 95 °C under constant stirring for 5 min. The method demonstrated excellent performance, with limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) of 0.02–0.1 and 0.1–0.5 μg/mL, respectively, and recovery percentages of 94–101%. The method was applied to six samples of Brazilian green tea infusions. Epigallocatechin gallate (23.4–112.4 μg/mL) was the major component, followed by epigallocatechin (18.4–78.9 μg/mL), epicatechin gallate (5.6–29.6 μg/mL), epicatechin (4.6–14.5 μg/mL) and catechin (3.2–8.2 μg/mL).