Increasing the antioxidant power of tea extracts by biotransformation of polyphenols
Author: J.A. Macedo and V. Battestin and M.L. Ribeiro and G.A. Macedo
Green tea (Camellia sinensis) and yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) are rich in polyphenolic compounds, which are thought to contribute to the health benefits of tea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential antioxidant properties of green tea and yerba mate extracts before and after the enzymatic biotransformation reaction catalysed by the Paecilomyces variotii tannase. The antiradical properties of the tea extracts, as well as the standards of chlorogenic acid and EGCG, were assessed using the ORAC and DPPH assays before and after the tannase biotransformation. The antioxidant power of enzyme-treated green tea and yerba mate increased by 55% and 43%, respectively, compared with that of untreated teas. The antioxidant power of the standards was also highly increased by enzyme treatment. These results provide relevant data about the potential of the tannase application on various polyphenol sources and to increase the antioxidant power of two widely consumed beverages.