Green tea, black tea consumption and risk of lung cancer: A meta-analysis
Author: Naping Tang and Yuemin Wu and Bo Zhou and Bin Wang and Rongbin Yu
Studies investigating the association of green tea and black tea consumption with lung cancer risk have reported inconsistent findings. To provide a quantitative assessment of this association, we conducted a meta-analysis on the topic. Studies were identified by a literature search in PubMed from 1966 to November 2008 and by searching the reference lists of relevant studies. Summary relative risk (RR) estimates and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated based on random-effects model. Our meta-analysis included 22 studies provided data on consumption of green tea or black tea, or both related to lung cancer risk. For green tea, the summary RR indicated a borderline significant association between highest green tea consumption and reduced risk of lung cancer (RR = 0.78, 95% CI = 0.61–1.00). Furthermore, an increase in green tea consumption of two cups/day was associated with an 18% decreased risk of developing lung cancer (RR = 0.82, 95% CI = 0.71–0.96). For black tea, no statistically significant association was observe through the meta-analysis (highest versus non/lowest, RR = 0.86, 95% CI = 0.70–1.05; an increment of two cups/day, RR = 0.82, 95% CI = 0.65–1.03). In conclusion, our data suggest that high or an increase in consumption of green tea but not black tea may be related to the reduction of lung cancer risk.