Digestive stability and absorption of green tea polyphenols: Influence of acid and xylitol addition
Author: Soon-Mi Shim and Sang-Ho Yoo and Chan-Su Ra and Young-Kyung Kim and Jin-Oh Chung and Sang-Jun Lee
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of sugar substitute and acid on digestive stability and intestinal uptake of catechins in Ready-To-Drink (RTD) green tea. Green tea extracts formulated with prescribed amounts of sucrose (200, 500, and 1000 mg), glucose (280, 700, and 1400 mg), and xylitol (200, 500, and 1000 mg) in combination with citric acid (10 mg) or vitamin C (10 mg) were subjected to an in vitro digestion model coupled with Caco-2 cells. Green tea extracts only showed a poor digestive recovery (5.3%) of total catechins and EGC and EGCG significantly decreased with the digestive recovery of 4.6% and 6.1%, respectively. However, measured amount of EGC, EGCG, or ECG in digestive fluids and caco-2 human intestinal cell significantly increased by adding citric acid or vitamin C. There was remarkable increase of digestive recovery of total catechins in green tea with xylitol/citric acid and xylitol/vitamin C by 1.7–2.5 times and 3 times, respectively, with different amounts of xylitol. It was also determined that intestinal uptake of total catechins significantly increased 6 and 11 times in green tea with xylitol/citric acid and xylitol/vitamin C, respectively, compared to green tea only.