(−)-Catechin promotes adipocyte differentiation in human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells through PPARγ transactivation
Author: Dong Wook Shin and Su Nam Kim and Sang Min Lee and Woojung Lee and Min Jeong Song and Sun Mi Park and Tae Ryong Lee and Joo-Hyun Baik and Han Kon Kim and Jeong-Ho Hong and Minsoo Noh
Green tea intake has been shown to confer various health benefits to patients suffering from metabolic disorders. Here, we studied the effect of several major green tea polyphenols on adipocyte differentiation in human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBM-MSCs) and compared it to the effect of representative antidiabetic drugs. (−)-Catechin was the most potent of the eight green tea polyphenols evaluated in promoting adipocyte differentiation in hBM-MSCs, and this effect was dose-dependent. (−)-Catechin increased the mRNA levels of various adipogenic markers, such as adiponectin, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), FABP4, and LPL, as measured during adipocyte differentiation in hBM-MSCs. In addition, (−)-catechin upregulated the secretion of adiponectin in hBM-MSC culture. Using a reporter gene assay and a competitive ligand binding study, (−)-catechin also significantly activated PPARγ in a dose-dependent fashion; however, (+)-catechin, the enantiomer of (−)-catechin, was not effective as a PPARγ agonist, which seems to imply that the effect of (−)-catechin on PPARγ is stereospecific. In conclusion, our data suggest that (−)-catechin promotes adipocyte differentiation and increased sensitivity to insulin in part by direct activation of PPARγ, which could be at the basis of the observed pharmacological benefits of green tea intake in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes.