Decaffeination of fresh green tea leaf (Camellia sinensis) by hot water treatment
Author: Huiling Liang and Yuerong Liang and Junjie Dong and Jianliang Lu and Hairong Xu and Hui Wang
Hot water treatment was used to decaffeinate fresh tea leaf in the present study. Water temperature, extraction time and ratio of leaf to water had a statistically significant effect on the decaffeination. When fresh tea leaf was decaffeinated with a ratio of tea leaf to water of 1:20 (w/v) at 100 °C for 3 min, caffeine concentration was decreased from 23.7 to 4.0 mg g−1, while total tea catechins decreased from 134.5 to 127.6 mg g−1; 83% of caffeine was removed and 95% of total catechins was retained in the decaffeinated leaf. It is considered that the hot water treatment is a safe and inexpensive method for decaffeinating green tea. However, a large percentage of tea catechins was lost if rolled leaf and dry tea were decaffeinated by the hot water treatment and so the process is not suitable for processing black tea.