Effects of green tea extract and (−)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate on pharmacokinetics of nadolol in rats
Author: S. Misaka and N. Miyazaki and T. Fukushima and S. Yamada and J. Kimura
Green tea catechins have been shown to affect the activities of drug transporters in vitro, including P-glycoprotein and organic anion transporting polypeptides. However, it remains unclear whether catechins influence the in vivo disposition of substrate drugs for these transporters. In the present study, we investigated effects of green tea extract (GTE) and (−)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on pharmacokinetics of a non-selective hydrophilic β-blocker nadolol, which is reported to be a substrate for several drug transporters and is not metabolized by cytochrome P450 enzymes. Male Sprague-Dawley rats received GTE (400 mg/kg), EGCG (150 mg/kg) or saline (control) by oral gavage, 30 min before a single intragastric administration of 10 mg/kg nadolol. Plasma and urinary concentrations of nadolol were determined using high performance liquid chromatography. Pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated by a noncompartmental analysis. Pretreatment with GTE resulted in marked reductions in the maximum concentration (Cmax) and area under the time–plasma concentration curve (AUC) of nadolol by 85% and 74%, respectively, as compared with control. In addition, EGCG alone significantly reduced Cmax and AUC of nadolol. Amounts of nadolol excreted into the urine were decreased by pretreatments with GTE and EGCG, while the terminal half-life of nadolol was not different among groups. These results suggest that the coadministration with green tea catechins, particularly EGCG, causes a significant alteration in the pharmacokinetics of nadolol, possibly through the inhibition of its intestinal absorption mediated by uptake transporters.