Effects of phosphorus supply on the quality of green tea
Author: Zheng-He Lin and Yi-Ping Qi and Rong-Bing Chen and Fang-Zhou Zhang and Li-Song Chen
Self-rooted, 10-month-old, uniform tea [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze cv. Huangguanyin] plants were supplied with 0, 40, 80, 160, 400 or 1000 μM phosphorus (P) for 17 weeks to determine how P-deficiency affects the quality of green tea. Leaf P concentration increased with increasing P supply. Whole plant dry weight (DW) increased as P supply increased from 0 to 160 μM, then remained little changed with further increasing P supply. The P-deficient green tea displayed decreased concentrations of water extract, total polyphenols, flavonoids, total free amino acids, theanine (Thea) and asparagic acid (Asp) + glutamic acid (Glu), increased concentrations of water soluble sugars, valine (Val), γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), proline (Pro) and cysteine (Cys), and ratio of total polyphenols to total free amino acids, but unchanged concentrations of total catechins and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). In conclusion, the sensory and biochemical qualities of green tea were lowered by P-deficiency.